The Xin’anjiang Hydropower Station, the country’s first large-scale power plant designed and built by Chinese in the 1950s, is still the pride of the local people. It is on the Xin’an River in Jiande city of Zhejiang Province in east China. Moreover, it formed a huge reservoir (Qiandao Lake) with 1,078 islands, which is part of a golden tourist route linking Hangzhou, Provincial capital of Zhejiang, and Mount Huangshan in neighboring Anhui Province.
Though squeezed out of China’s top 50 power stations, the self-designed and self-built Xin’anjiang Hydropower Station was the country’s first large-scale power plant after independence. The Xin’anjiang Hydropower Plant has 9 power generating units with a total installed capacity of 845,000 kw. And annual output of 1.86 billion kwh. As the first reinforced concrete dam in China, the Xin’anjiang Dam is 105 meters high, also the first dam over 100 meters in China. The Dam is 466.5 meters long, with a total storage capacity of 22 billion m3 and a maximum flood discharging capability of 14,000 m3/s.
As the first landmark in hydropower development in new China, it has played and is still playing a major role in fueling the local economy, while acting as an example for hydropower development, station management, and resettlement of people in reservoir areas.