Mount Huang, also known as Huangshan, is in southern Anhui province in eastern China. Probably the most notable of all the mountains in China, Mount Huang earns the saying “No mountains are worth seeing after a trip to the Five Sacred Mounts, and none of the Sacred Mounts are worth seeing after a trip to Mount Huang “, which may give some idea of the beauty and uniqueness of it.
It spans 40 kilometers from south to north, 30 kilometers from east to west, covering an area of 1200 square kilometers, a core area of which occupy 154 square kilometers with a crowd of peaks. The three tallest and best-known ones are Lotus Peak (Lian Hua Feng, 1,864 m), Bright Summit Peak (Guang Ming Ding, 1,840 m), and Celestial Peak (Tian Du Feng, literally Capital of Heaven Peak, 1,829 m), whose names indicate the shapes they resemble. Its landform was formed in the Mesozoic, about 100 million years ago. Over years of lithosphere movements and the work of nature, 77 peaks are more than 1,000 meters above sea level, with granite limestone towers and oddly shaped rocks spread all over the scenic area.
Physical features for which Mount Huang is known include the following four major marvels: the uniquely shaped pines, the fantastic rock peaks, the sea of clouds and the hot springs. Actually, marvels exist almost everywhere. Baffling, arduous and flourishing scenic are found in areas like Hot Spring, Jade Screen Tower, West Sea, North Sea, Cloud Valley Temple, Pine Valley Nunnery and so on.
The mountaintops often offer views of the clouds from above, known as the Sea of Clouds. The mystic clouds drift in and out, changing the scenery from minute to minute as the mist rises and ebbs; its beauty also varies with the seasons. The area is also host to notable light effects, such as the renowned sunrises; watching the sunrise is considered a “mandatory” part of visiting the area. A phenomenon known as Buddha’s Light is also well-known, which only appears a couple times per month.
Though looking fresh and young, Mount Huang has a long history to which ancient books, poems and paintings as well as carved inscriptions all bear witness. Throughout history, Poetic phrases in handsome calligraphy were located in many spots on the mountain. They’ve become part of the fascinating scene themselves.
Mount Huang is a frequent subject of traditional Chinese paintings and literature, as well as modern photography. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of China’s major tourist destinations.