Situated on the southeast China coast, Fujian Province is separated by a 180-km strait from Taiwan, the largest island in China. With a 3,324-km coastline, it has many ports such as Fuzhou and Xiamen which are open to foreign trade and investment. The provincial capital is Fuzhou, a busy port, and 149 nautical miles to the east is Keelung, a major port on the northern tip of Taiwan Island. The province covers 121,400 sq km and has a population of 34.98 million (by the end of 2009), composed of people of the Han, and the She, Hui and Gaoshan ethnic groups.
Fujian has a sub-tropical climate, warm and humid. There is distinct difference in climate between north and south, coastal and inland regions, and valleys and mountains. It has an annual temperature of 17°-21°C and an annual precipitation of 1,100-2,000 mm, both increasing from northwest to southeast. Typhoons occur frequently from July to September.
Fujian preserves many cultural sites from the Qin (221-207 BC), Han (206 BC-AD 220), Tang (618-907), Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) dynasties. There are numerous ancient temples, pagodas, bridges and castles, as well as former residences of celebrities. Fujian has a wide variety of navigation relics and religious legacies thanks to its long history of navigation and frequent contacts with the outside world.
There are many beautiful mountains in the province. The famous seaside resorts include Wuyi Mountain, Gushan (Drum Hill) in Fuzhou, Tailao Mountain in east Fujian and Wanshiyan in Xiamen. The province also has many beautiful beaches, such as the bathing beach on Gulangyu Islet of Xiamen, the Luanwan Beach on Dongshan Island, the Longwangtou Beach at Pingtan and Meizhou Island at Putian. Its numerous rivers offer many picturesque water spots, including the Jiuqu (Nine-Bend) Stream in Wuyi Mountain and Jinhu Lake, the largest artificial lake in Fujian. Northwest Fujian is noted for danxia and karst landforms, with countless grotesque rocks and fantastic caves. The Wuyi and Meihua mountain nature reserves preserve vast expanses of virgin forests, with rich fauna and flora resources. These reserves and other scenic resorts are ideal places for enjoying the charms of nature, making holidays and conducting scientific explorations. Moreover, Fujian has a host of gardens, parks and hot springs of different types.