Geography: Taiwan is an island off the southeast coast of China’s mainland. Apart from the biggest main island, Taiwan includes total 15 other islands in the Taiwan group and 64 islands in the Penghu (Pescadores) Archipelago, covering an area of 13,892 sq miles and a 49 sq miles, respectively.
Taiwan is a strip arranged island in the north-south direction. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Taiwan Straits to the west, and the Bashi Channel to the south which separates it from Philippine. Taiwan forms part of the great island system rimming the western Pacific Ocean.
Climates: Taiwan straddles the tropical and subtropical zones and has warm summer and mild winter. The climate is moderated by the warm water of the Kuroshio Current. The summer is long, lasting from April until November (200 days or more) with a mean monthly temperature from 20°C to the highest 30°C (which is usually in August). In cold months, the mean monthly temperature is about 15°C. Lowland Taiwan is frost-free. The temperature fall with altitude, and in winter the central mountains are covered with snow.
Population: Except for the Gaoshan ethnic group, the aborigines of Taiwan, the inhabitants of Taiwan are predominantly Chinese who are most the descendants of immigrants from the southeastern Chinese provinces of Fujian and Guangdong.
Settlement distributed in the areas around south Tainan, northward capital Taipei and along the coasts of inland. From the latter Ming dynasty (early 17th century), until it was occupied by the Japanese in 1895, Tainan was the largest city and the capital of Taiwan.
Culture and Institution: Chinese culture is predominant. Popular musical instruments are the fiddle and flute. Dances include court dances, aboriginal dances, and Chinese folk dances. Three types of theater that traditional Chinese opera, Taiwanese operas and modern drama are presented on the stage as well as over radio and television. Taiwan competes with Hong Kong in making movies and entertaining shows. Its handicrafts are also prized for their beauty.
There are more than 30 daily newspapers, two of which are English language publications, and about 1,000 periodicals. Other mainstreams of media consist of over 30 radio broadcasting stations and three television stations including the Taiwan Television Enterprises, the China Television Company and the Zhonghua Television Service.
History: The history of Taiwan can be divided into the following stages: Kingdoms (220-280) to the early Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368); its development during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Dutch colonial rule (1624-1662); its development during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and Japanese colonial rule (1895-1945); and from 1945 onwards?
Since the Kuomintang government fled the mainland and ruled the island in 1949, the government of the People’s Republic of China has claimed in a solemn stance that Taiwan is an inseparable part of China. The process of peaceful reunification has become one of the most critical issues that touches everyone’s heart.