Confucianism

clip image001 thumb Confucianism Confucianism, a majoy system of thought in China, developed from the teachings of Confucius and his disciples. Confucianism is concerned with principles for good conduct, practical wisdom, and proper social relationships. Confucianism has influenced Chinese attitudes towards life, set patterns for living and defined standards and social values, while providing the background for Chinese political theories and institutions. After spreading out from China, Confucianism has found its popularity in Korea, Japan and many other south east Asian countries.

The principles of Confucianism are contained in nine ancient Chinese works handed down by Confucius and his followers, who lived in an age of philosophical activity. The writings are divided into two groups: the Five Classics and the Four Books. The keynote of Confucian is ethics is Ren, variously translated as “love” ,”benevolence”, “humanity”, and “human-heartedness”. Ren is a supreme virtue representing human qualities at their best. In human relations, Ren is manifested in Zhong, or faithfulness to oneself and others, and Shu or altruism, best expressed in the Confucian golden rule—“Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”. Other important Confucian virtues include righteousness, propriety, integrity and filial piety. One who possesses all these virtues becomes a Junzi.(perfect gentlemen).

clip image002 thumb4 Confucianism After the death of Confucius, the two majoy schools of Confucian thought emerged: one was represented by Mencius ant the other by Xunzi.

Mencius continued the ethical teachings of Confucius, stressing the innate goodness of human nature. He believed, however, that human goodness could become depraved through one’s own destructive efforts or through contact with external evil factors. The challenge facing those seeking moral cultivation is therefore to preserve or at least to restore the goodness that is one’s birthright. In political thought, Mencius is sometimes considered one of the early advocates of democracy, for he advanced the idea of the people’s supremacy in the state.

In the opposition to Mencius, Xunzi contended that every person is born with an intrinsic evil nature ,but that it can be reformed through moral education . He believed that human desire should be guided and restrained by the rules of propriety and that character should be molded by an orderly observance of rites and by the practice of music. This code serves as powerful influence on character by properly directing emotions and by providing inner harmony .Xunzi was the main exponent of ritualism in Confucianism.

charactertable thumb3 Confucianism

Learn Chinese Online Confucianism

15 Responses to Confucianism

  1. fusu says:

    One is not ready made with good traits. One has to acknowledge the bad traits of oneself. To do this one must be fair in the self checking. One should work on bettering, honing and shaping the traits of oneself. The thoughts and guidance of others are welcome to improve oneself. Life itself will teach much. One is with some kith and kin with whom one has to try and get on with. One has folk of one’s clan with whom one has to try to get on with. Friends and strangers will interact with one and when one learns a craft then further interaction occurs. At work one will develop oneself further and interact with others in different roles. Formal and informal, public and private merge and slowly one becomes civilised having developed oneself and holding different roles in society.

  2. fusu says:

    Do not do to others what one does not want done to oneself by oneself or others: One may do to oneself what oneself does to others or what others do themselves.

  3. fusu says:

    Individual spirit, community spirit, environmental spirit, universal spirit, cosmic spirit, collective spirit.

  4. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; workshop.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship.

  5. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall, reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds, geld token.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship.

  6. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship

  7. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

  8. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill, guide thrive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, break sake, rest best.

  9. fusu says:

    Namo Kong Fuzi, Namo Mozi, Namo Buddha.

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill, guide thrive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads and loan, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning.

  10. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill, guide thrive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads and loan, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

  11. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill drill, guide thrive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads and loan, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

  12. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill drill, guide thrive drive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads and loan, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

  13. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill drill, guide thrive drive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads loan and hone, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

  14. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill drill, guide thrive drive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads loan and hone, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

    Guest host.

  15. fusu says:

    Work is worship; worthship; workship; shiftwork; workhouse; workshop; learning guild; training framework; knowledge store; skill guide; teaching hall; reading room; bidding house; housekeeping; upkeep; tasklist; thorough deeds; geld token/token geld.

    Work can mean study, exercise, self management, maintenance, paid, voluntary, meditation, prayer, worship, craft path.

    Fraught fit, wit well, work folk, knowledge knack, wisdom freedom, wisdom thralldom, skill thrill drill, guide thrive drive, spell well, craft path, wealth way, lore law, bar bid, hof hope and cope, break sake, rest best.

    Long throng, crowd loud, stall, mall and sell, goods, loads loan and hone, wend, lend spend, gift thrift, aisle file, bank rank, beckoning reckoning, shrine schein.

    Guest host, propriety hospitality.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>